Nuclear Family Vs Extended Family Essay

Nuclear vs. Extended Family

What is Difference between Nuclear and Extended Family? The family is considered the core of society, so it is not surprising that family relationships are so important to people. From an early age children are taught the importance of a family and the role they are expected to play in it.

Traditionally, girls are educated in one way and the children in another; all with the aim that the roles of each person are well defined. However, these differences in the upbringing of children vary according to the type of family in which we live. In this article we focus mainly on two families: the extended or joint family and the nuclear family.

Difference between Nuclear and Extended Family

If you have doubts about what is the difference between nuclear and extended family or just search for a little more information to complement what you already know, then continue reading, because below we explain everything you need to know around this interesting topic.

Extended Family

As its name suggests, the extended family is one in which other relatives are integrated in addition to parents and siblings. This includes grandparents, cousins, uncles and sometimes even great-grandparents. They are families made up of a large number of members.

The extended family is more common in rural areas and has the advantage that the children are cared for not only by their parents but also by a large number of family members.

Tribes, small villages, groups of people and small units of civilization are the predecessors of extended families. These remain popular in Latin America, India, China, some African nations and certain Arab regions.

Nuclear family

On the other hand, the nuclear family only consists of parents and children. Nuclear families are small, since they only integrate the closest relatives.

Finally, contrary to the extended family, the nuclear family is more common among urban dwellers; hence it is so common in Europe and the United States. Be that as it may, great importance attaches to the family, but traditional cultures suggest living in extended families; however, since so many people tend to move to cities, the nuclear family model is becoming the most common around the world.

The Nuclear Family Replaced the Extended Family After Industrialisation

679 Words3 Pages

The Nuclear Family Replaced the Extended Family After Industrialisation

Talcott Parsons believed that the nuclear family developed mainly as a result of industrialisation. He thought that before the industry took over the functions of the family, the families were extended units of production. This means that the work and home lives were combined and so each family member taught another one skill for life such as education. Parsons says that the extended family stayed together so they could provide health care for one another and look after the old people whilst the old people looked after the young children whilst the parents were out working. They also pursued justice on behalf of one another; if…show more content…

In the first stage, the Pre-Industrial family was extended and they all lived and worked together. In the second stage, the Early Industrial family were extended families beginning to become geographically mobile, dying out and becoming less common. In the third stage, the Symmetrical family was the beginning of the nuclear family, where they had split up from extended family into father, mother, and two children.

However, there are criticisms to the functionalist view that the industrial revolution brought about the nuclear family. Peter Laslett was a social historian who believed that pre and post industrial families were mostly nuclear. He studied Northern Europe and found that families were not likely to consist of a nuclear family structure, but he also found that the average size of families in Western Europe stayed constant at 4.75 persons, which gives us reason to believe that nuclear families were around before the industrial revolution. Laslett therefore does not agree with Parsons or Willmott and Young, as he believes families were already nuclear pre-industry and still are today. =====================================================================

Michael Anderson was also a social historian who agreed with Parsons because he believed that the pre industrial families were mainly extended. He argued that the extended family was a

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