Essay about Management and Leadership in the Early Years
3720 WordsApr 7th, 201315 Pages
Throughout this assignment a discussion will take place into the theories of leadership, whilst examining the role of managers within the context of the early years. A series of management competences will be evaluated, whilst investigating the notions of leadership and collaboration.
Some theorists use the terms ‘leadership’ and ‘management’ reciprocally as if they are tantamount with one another, while others use them in a very purposeful sense to express that they are, in effect, rather different (Bush, 2003). Organisational successfulness, it is generally accepted, is dependant on both competent leadership and consistent management (Dimmock and Walker, 2005) According to Grace (1995) they do not follow from one or the other, but…show more content…
All group members enthusiastically partake in the leader’s arbitrations, and if conformity is impossible, a vote will be taken (Mc Caffery, 2004).
An advantage of the democratic style involves a considerable job satisfaction of subordinates, through augmenting their responsibilities which results in more interesting and diverse work (Ribbins, 1997). Bush (2008) agrees; when responsibility is shared the self-confidence of group members is enhanced, as they have a key role in planning and decision-making. The democratic leadership style provides high quality expert knowledge and skills are identified and implemented towards achieving targets (Dimmock and Walker, 2005). Grace (1995) supports this, and claims that goals are more likely to be reached since; they have been established by group consensus.
Furthermore, the democratic style of leadership is beneficial to successful teamwork, the year two teacher is a great team leader and displays the aptitude to: respond promptly to other team members; motivate the team members, enable the team to formulate action plans and strategies; and to give constructive feedback to team members (O’Hagan and Smith, 1999 and Dunham, 1995). It is for these attributes above that
Key difference: Administration frames the objectives and policies of an organization. Management implements these policies and objectives.
Management and administration are at times used interchangeably; however, they are two different levels of the organization. The administration is the top level of the organization with the decisive functions. They are responsible for determining the policies and objectives of the organization or the firm. Management, on the other hand is the middle level executive function. They implement the policies and objectives as decided by the administration.
The administration includes the people who are either owners or partners of the firm. They usually contribute to the firm’s capital and earn profits or returns on their investment. The main administrative function is handling the business aspects of the firm, such as finance. Other administrative functions usually include planning, organizing, staffing, directing, controlling and budgeting. Administration must integrate leadership and vision, to organize the people and resources, in order to achieve common goals and objectives for the organization.
Management usually incorporates the employees of the firm who use their skills for the firm in return for remuneration. Management is responsible for carrying out the strategies of the administration. Motivation is the key factor of a management. Management must motivate and handle the employees. It can be said that management is directly under the control of administration.
Further comparison between management and administration:
Art of getting things done through others by directing their efforts towards achievement of pre-determined goals.
Formulation of broad objectives, plans & policies.
executing function, doing function
decision-making function, thinking function
Decisions within the framework set by the administration.
Major decisions of an enterprise as a whole.
Level of authority
Middle level activity
Top level activity
Group of managerial personnel who use their specialized knowledge to fulfill the objectives of an enterprise.
Consists of owners who invest capital in and receive profits from an enterprise.
Used in business enterprises.
Popular with government, military, educational, and religious organizations.
Decisions are influenced by the values, opinions, beliefs and decisions of the managers.
Influenced by public opinion, government policies, customs etc.
Motivating and controlling
Planning and organizing
Handles the employees.
Handles the business aspects such as finance.