MGT503 (2nd GDB)
In my point of view many successful Pakistani organizations are follow the principles of scientific management who's described by Fredrick Winslow Taylor. and aslo large number of companies and firm are not follows fully or Partially.
Introduction of Scientific Management:
Fredrick Taylor is a father of scientific management. Scientific management explains the uses of scientific method. When most people to hear this word science the first image that comes into their minds is one of test tube, computers, white lab coats or rocket ship etc.
These outward accessories are part of science. But now this modern era a lot of sciences are deals with physical, material world and involve in study of people their beliefs, behavior, interactions, attitudes institutions and so forth.
Scientific management is also called ''Taylorism'' . Taylor's principles define how to deal or don their job in efficiently manners. Taylor's four principles of scientific management.
Whyorganizations are following the principles of scientific management in Pakistani
Before 21st century there is no awareness about scientific method but now this fast growing modern technological competitive era emphasizing on scientific management and also Pakistani organizations and their people known these principles as a labor's laws. So many Pakistani successful and well known organizations follows scientific management
In Pakistan example of these organizations are Masaud textile (MTM) Faisalabad, Chenab Mills ltd., Ibrahim Group etc.
Why Not organizations are following the principles of scientific management in Pakistani
Because management of Pakistani organization specially local industries is not well educated and well aware management techniques and some Pakistani organization even having knowledge, are not strictly follow these strict principles of scientific mananement . Also after 21st century there increase awareness about scientific method or principles of Taylor but most of firms or companies aimed earn maximize profit not focus on their employees and customer’s needs, wants and satisfaction.
Home / Fitness and Health Calculators / Due Date Calculator
Due Date Calculator
The Due Date Calculator estimates the delivery date of a pregnant woman based on her last menstrual period (LMP) and average menstrual cycle duration.
Estimated Due Date: Dec 19, 2018
Estimation of due date
The due date, also known as the estimated date of confinement, is an estimation of when a pregnant woman will deliver her baby. While the due date is often estimated as a single date, it can be helpful to consider a range of due dates, since only 4% of births occur on the estimated due date.1 Due dates are estimated based on a woman's last menstrual period (LMP), under the assumption that childbirth on average occurs at a gestational age (age of a pregnancy calculated from the woman's last menstrual period) of 280 days, or 40 weeks. Although there is some debate regarding when pregnancy technically begins, whether at fertilization of the egg (conception), or when the egg adheres to the uterus (implantation), gestational age does not vary based on different definitions of pregnancy since it is based on LMP. In terms of gestational age, pregnancies typically last between 37 and 42 weeks, with 40 weeks often being used as an estimate in calculations. Thus, due date is usually estimated by calculating the date that is 40 weeks from the start of a woman's LMP.
Due date as a reference point
Generally, the point within the 37 to 42-week window at which the baby is born is not a cause for concern. Babies born between 37-39 weeks, 39-41 weeks, and 41-42 weeks are considered early term, full term, and late term, respectively. Under normal circumstances, babies born within any of these ranges can be healthy, though full-term babies generally have better outcomes.2 Babies born before 37 weeks are considered preterm, or premature, while those born after 42 weeks are postterm. These ranges are important as a reference for doctors to determine whether or not any action is necessary. For example, if a woman goes into labor too early at 33 weeks, doctors may stop labor to avoid a preterm baby that can have a host of health issues due to underdevelopment. Conversely, if a woman has not gone into labor after 42 weeks, doctors may induce labor. One possible complication of allowing the pregnancy to proceed beyond 42 weeks is that the placenta, which is responsible for providing nutrition and oxygen to the baby, can stop functioning properly, while the baby continues growing (requiring more nutrients and oxygen), which would eventually lead to a point in the pregnancy where the baby can no longer be adequately supported.3
- Moore, Keith. 2015. "How accurate are 'due dates'?" BBC, February 3, 2015. www.bbc.com/news/magazine-31046144.
- Wikipedia: The Free Encyclopedia. 2017. en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pregnancy.
- PubMed Health. 2014. "Pregnancy and birth: When your baby's due date has passed." www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmedhealth/PMH0072755/.