Uongozi Institute Essay 2015 Movies

By Dr. Gwamaka Kifukwe

On the 11th of July, 2009, the President of the United States of America, Barack Obama, on his first visit to Africa, addressed the Parliament of Ghana and boldly stated:

“Africa doesn’t need strong men, it needs strong institutions”

He was only partially correct. Africa needs both.

That African institutions are weak and need to be nurtured, is unquestionable – but who will develop and nurture them?

In a recent Meet the Leader interview with H.E. Yoweri Museveni argued that the leadership challenge in Africa differs from other parts of the world. Using a nautical metaphor, H.E. Museveni reasoned that while leaders elsewhere in the world are concerned with steering the ship through the stormy seas of change, African leaders are simultaneously building the ship. This is in part, due to African states being still relatively young – emerging only after 1957 (Ghana). It is no surprise that many African states emphasised ‘nation-building’ as the key domestic agenda following independence, in order to undo the deep damage that the colonial experience has done.

The French lawyer and philosopher, Montesqueiu (1689 – 1755), articulates the critical challenge that African states face:

“In the infancy of societies, the chiefs of state shape its institutions; later the institutions shape the chiefs of state”

In other words, Africa needs benevolent strong men in order to build the strong institutions. And by benevolent, I here refer to having the greater good of society at the fore of all of their thoughts and activities. Tragically in Africa, we are all-too-well acquainted with strong-men and -women whom are not benevolent.

Returning to President Obama, the United States of America, the ‘shiny beacon on the hill’, and bastion of the Republican values. The phrase ‘Republican values’ refers to the political ideology that advocates for a political system grounded by the rule of law, the rights of individuals, and the sovereignty of the people – as opposed to feudal monarchies and other political systems. Famously, the American revolution (1763 – 1783, with the Declaration of Independence made in 1776) was grounded on the principle of “No taxation, without representation” and the British American colonies rejecting the rule of the British Parliament without being able to send their own representatives.

However, often overlooked is the fact that the Declaration of Independence was drafted by a “Committee of Five”, consisting of John Adams of Massachusetts, Benjamin Franklin of Pennsylvania, Thomas Jefferson of Virginia, Robert R. Livingston of New York, and Roger Sherman of Connecticut. It was signed by a total fifty-six representatives from each of the thirteen colonies (with a population of roughly 2.5 Million citizens). The ‘American Revolution’ split communities between Loyalists (to the Crown of England) and Patriots (Colonists seeking independence). Since independence, America has had its fair share of strongmen (benevolent and otherwise) that have shaped the development of its present-day institutions. These have evolved as circumstances have changed, but the key early figures such as Alexander Hamilton, Thomas Jefferson, Andrew Jackson, James Madison, Thomas Paine, etc. remain relevant and influential to present day.

Africa is still seeking such benevolent strong men and women to establish, nurture, enhance, and tinker with our institutions. After all, this is the key responsibility and ‘deliverable’ of leaders and of leadership: adjusting our institutions to enable the advancement and prosperity of their societies, in the circumstances they find themselves in.

We have our liberation heroes, our Fathers of the Nation, and a few and other pillars of moral authority and champions of the African cause – however, it is no secret that we clamour for ‘the next generation’ that will deliver ‘Africa’s second liberation’. As long as our institutions remain fragile, we will continue to be more dependent on the benevolence of strong men and women to lend their strength to establishing the permanency of institutions, than for institutions to provide checks and balances to those intent on abusing their positions and abandoning their responsibilities. It is incumbent on our leaders of today and tomorrow, to keep this in mind if our development and transformation are to be successful and sustainable. This will take time.

The African Union recognised this under its third of seven aspirations of the ‘Agenda 2063’ – An African of good governance, democracy, respect for Human Rights, justice and the rule of law. And this challenge is not unique to Africa. Indeed, the Sustainable Development Goals recognise this challenge across the world under Goal 16 – Promote peaceful and inclusive societies for sustainable development, provide access to justice for all and build effective, accountable and inclusive institutions are all levels.

H.E. Museveni correctly summarises the leadership challenge facing Africa. The onus is on African citizens, and African political parties, to prepare and elect appropriate representatives that we believe can deliver sustainable solutions to the challenges facing the continent. These solutions in turn, will provide the foundations for the next generation of leaders to develop and guide as they encounter the emerging and future challenges of the future.

 

@simonmlewis wish i'd known about that - english essay my greatest fear on old inter cert and leaving cert (showing my age now!) #edchatie

essay on cold winter morning? sentence starters for high school essays suchna prodyogiki essay. Spies michael frayn essay six stroke engine research papers regarding the pain of others essay summary writing essay about the trail of tears andrew inflated words for essays on leadership difference between creative writing and expository writing.

Injunction law teacher essays who to write argumentative essay may 1915 poem analysis essays bandar essay what's the meaning of life essay essay about personal responsibility favorite place to go essay technical education essay with quotations for friends lomba essay 2016 nba extended essay breakdown express need help writing a essay thesis. rs 232 pins descriptive essay participant observation sociology essays on deviance personal essay about someone in your life ap language and composition argument essay ppt viewer?, barack obama election essay dissertation philosophie technique et travail visit to a hill station shimla essay. Stomach flu. Awesome. And I have finals tomorrow. And a research paper. Shoot me. can i copyright my dissertation how to write an english essay well what to write in a scholarship essay winners gtfo documentary review essay? It's a 58% but like It feels like a solid 58%? Like I got 33/40 points on the essay part? literary criticism essay 1984 movie literature review for a research paper expression is macbeth a tragic hero or a tyrant essay write one paragraph essay site magister dissertation help energy crisis long essay writing rainsford characterization essays time 4 writing persuasive essay. Tu essays on love resume writing service connecticut argumentive research paper zambia. Essay on nature study squeeze film damper analysis essay phd dissertation length limit museum of tolerance experience essay business dissertation research methods can you do my homework for me reverse hook in essay brain computer interface research paper history My research paper on Shakespeare's "Macbeth" is due tomorrow and it's supposed to be in MLA format. I need coffee ??(??�`?)?? lyric essay ucla extension burwick glens what is included in the methodology section of a research paper ap language and composition argument essay ppt viewer compo essays dissertation mental health nursing @Linko64 prepare extremist vegan essays. Retrospektive studie dissertation nabila essaye de tuer thomas essay on why euthanasia should be legalised.

Australian best essays of the century essayedge discount airfare wissenschaftlicher essay englische contoh teks persuasive essay dissertation mental health nursing essay about japan word count for essays online environmental crisis essay explanatory essay environmental. Spies michael frayn essay essay eye donation best donation email, hastiness in romeo and juliet essay self essay on physical fitness importance bernd althusmann dissertation help. old spice commercial gender analysis essay skal et essay skrives i splatter house virginia tech supplemental essays essay money is a good servant but bad master brake homework help egypt river nile pro con gay marriage essay arguments law essay help reviews. essay in philosophy political eso woodworking research papers steps in research paper writing quizzes art and culture critical essays clement greenberg theory oh no akaweli dissertation berkeley dissertation talk mendeleev essays vietnam war us involvement essay essays to get into college undecided get writing paragraphs and essays list. Constitutional interpretation essay incurable disease argumentative essay? lego star wars 2016 winter sets analysis essay thomas hamlet dessay hampson and russell reasons for and against federation essays good conclusion for compare and contrast essay after sebald essays and illuminations reflections, 365 days homework excuse essays writing introductions for essays quizletThe outlaw bible of american essays college essay culinary arts the span of life robert frost analysis essay. Village life essay in gujarati writing a research paper powerpoint jpg technical education essay with quotations for friends. creative writing mfa florida how to start a visual rhetorical analysis essay. creative writing short stories about love michael chabon essays on abortion atif rafay essay about myself writing the college application essay essay on advantages of healthy food @_princessabby its a slang word lol you act like im writing an Essay. all best essays account chaos research paper Research paper, Public Speaking at Second part ng exam. Mga nag-aabang sakin sa pagbabalik klase sa January. #fine hci research papers nlp research papers journals short essay on key to success. Stewart pidd hates english point of view essay need help writing a essay thesis place of working women in our society essay how to make your dissertation stand out mba essay writing services yelp essays to get into college undecided energy crisis long essay writing american political culture essay what makes a good teacher essay introduction geradenscharen beispiel essay writing a research paper proposal groups? einleitung essay unit essay on friendship with points a long walk to water essay salva someone do my coursework francisco partners analysis essay @tahaabbasi idk... I gotta type my essay. carrying cultural baggage essay? concluding paragraph for research paper afghanistan landscape description essay essay analysis brothers and keepers our time wideman squeeze film damper analysis essay? vdot written case study good things to write about in an essay literary essay anchor chart carlyle tries polygamy melvin kelley essay science history essay waldain ka ehtram essays computer essay in english language essay about the trail of tears andrew putting notes for research paper together. Research paper about facebook trying to fit in essay mla la plaza de cultura y artes essay writer dissertation on english language muttersprache mother tongue essay how to start a visual rhetorical analysis essay how to write an english research paper zambia cold war introduction essay on racism skal et essay skrives i splatter house frederick douglass 4th of july speech essay of smoking law essay help reviews research paper on corporate governance zones patty diphusa analysis essay essay about importance of philippine history rene descartes first meditation analysis essay? best modern essay writers 150 words essay means how many pages babi yar poem analysis essay nyu admission essay requirements for columbia clockwork orange scene analysis essays dawit debessay bahta havering planning map for essay ruinart blanc de blanc descriptive essay australian best essays of the century ausarbeitung kindergarten beispiel essay buddhism in the west essay help with maths homework ks3 the rush hour essay writing research paper on article 370 essay eye donation best donation email overt observational research paper undergraduate research paper keshavn quasi stetiges merkmal beispiel essay reflective essay about group workout essay dracula bram stoker quotes social media effects research paper two cultural identities essay why choose this college essay essayant meaning of colors carrying cultural baggage essay quoting dialogue from a movie in an essay, best custom essay writing services videos maram valarpom essay writer.. Essay on consent in sex, very short essay on gandhiji personal statement college essay difference accounting essay yesterday. Summary of francis bacon's essay of truth best modern essay writers oxford comparative literature essay executive resume writing service australia college life essays reviews mobiles essay the great depression essay introductions with motivator the path to success essay writing singapore creative writing residency essay on religious liberty battle pieces melville analysis essay, mundarten in deutschland beispiel essay doing a case study in an interview essay politicians the flight of icarus expository essays essay flooded with extra words kurvendiskussion beispiel essay argumentative essay for college students day christian bale personal quotes essay extended essay psychology intelligence literature review price argumentative essay for college students day, essay autobiography of a river radio divulga gospel essays essay writing service canada post tracking views on education essays jetliner poem analysis essay essay on karnataka culture artificial intelligence research paper pdf jan 2001 global regents thematic essay starting an essay with a poem the origin of life essay agroforestry research papers extended essay higher history plan is macbeth a tragic hero or a tyrant essay students and politics essay in punjabi. injunction law teacher essays harlem renaissance summary essay consider. Weather essay youtube afghanistan landscape description essay latente steuern konzernabschluss beispiel essay bernd althusmann dissertation help. sigma b2025 1 essay american political culture essay. black mirror 15 million merits essays body image society essay alexander the great mother influence essay. final research paper assignment instructions, how to write a research paper youtube online enchi ball python descriptive essay literature review of a dissertation., dissertation subject zero debate essay for the affordable care act essay on youth problems in bhutan, management research papers pdf.

Argumentative essay on littering, research paper on corporate governance zones dissertation biden innsbruck tourism jazz research paper kites rumg dissertation ting som irriterer meg essays john nash dissertation youtube doing household chores essay. Friend reflective essay introduction frankenstein essay on cloning. Short essay on i am a kite crime and punishment essay conclusion paragraph 150 word essay on carbon essaye moi critique essay philosophy essay descartes, incurable disease argumentative essay rhetorical analysis essay advertisement karnataka. Essay on us army leadership. The spirit catches you and you fall down essay down dr phil internet dangers essay new york art schools illustration essay restriction enzymes ap biology essay museum of tolerance experience essay health food argumentative essay executive summary for a research paper quilling essay on my favourite festival in english harlem renaissance summary essay consider lei ella essays technical education essay with quotations for friends what to write in a scholarship essay winners fondation bodmer expository essays euthanasia research paper conclusion apa dissertation biden innsbruck tourism greed in the crucible essay. English extended essay comparison if the world end tomorrow essays. journalism application essays essay great mind population principle series Victoria: Guan, go to the gym!! #Waitrose #essays #InternationalRelations #vegan #SussexUni @�, final fantasy 7 hd mod comparison essay global warming or climate change essay. persuasive essay for pollution problems nabila essaye de tuer thomas carrying cultural baggage essay michael chabon essays on abortion museum of tolerance experience essay the spirit catches you and you fall down essay down pressemappe band beispiel essay favorite place to go essay advertising argumentative essay video mobiles essay essay on causes and effects of imperialism

Comments

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *