Advertising helps greatly in showing the consumers what they really want. In the process of advertising there are various techniques that are applied that may either bring about positive or negative effects to the products. This is usually brought about by the way various advertisers present their adverts to the consumers. According to most researches obtained from the general population about advertisement, the highest percentage of people take advertisement to be a good thing. This is because they believe it to be informative and essential.
Despite of this, in my own point of view advertisement has got a lot of negative influence to the consumers and the general society. Some of the aspects that make advertisement to be taken negatively by the consumers are; on the ethical aspect, advertisement has a completely demeaning consequence to the public; on the economic aspect, it is believed to be economically improvident; and on the social aspect, it provides little truth about a certain product. All these aspects are the few examples of the aspects of advertisement that render it to being negative to the society.
Advertisement is perceived by the various intellectuals as a thing that greatly corrupts our society thus criticizing the social orders of that make up the society. According to Christopher Mayhew, advertisement teaches other different things that do not match with what the society teaches us in the aim of upholding good societal teachings that are essential. Christopher and Tory argue that` Advertisement introduces people to the good things of life’. This means that these things are full of pleasures of the world. These pleasures are the things which we can only buy after they have been advertised but we cannot instill them in us so that they can be guiding us in our daily endeavors. The advertisements cannot inculcate in us good manners, honesty, kindness, friendship, sense of duty or the respect for the laws that govern us. These are the morals that enable people to coexist in a smooth and desirable environment. Instead the advertisements lay their basis on things like aperitifs, chocolates, aperients, deodorants, cars, and perfumes. These are only things which that can be bought in order to satisfy the human desires and they cannot help in crafting the society to the desired shape. According to me it is of great importance for the society to uphold the importance things that help in steering it ahead of all the activities that touch on its social well being.
On the ethical aspect, advertisements also play a big role in emphasizing emotional and the sexual desires. This defies what Williams believe in. He believes that` advertising keeps the industrial wheels turning’. This is true but there are other advertisements that do not uphold the ethical values of a given society. According to the society, things that are touching on sexual matters are perceived to be very crucial. Sexual matters should not be discussed openly without taking into consideration the various people that are involved. They are believed to be only for the people who have attained the age of discussing this. All the products related to sexual matters should only be exposed to the people who have attained the age bracket for this. In the contrary, it is so hard for the advertisers to only target the age that should be associated with sex matters. Due to this they make their advertisements open to the general public not excluding the young children. This leads to moral decay to the general society because the young ones are exposed to various issues which do not uphold the required morals of the society.
On the economical aspect, there have been a number of critics that take the issue on advertising as a phenomenon that focuses on individual sectors. Advertisements focus on certain products that do not make people more productive when they engage in them. In turn these people become less productive and of less important to the general society. The consumers of these products are reduced to people whom they were not in their earlier lives. They become less economically productive thus dragging the performance of the economy of the society. These products include alcohol and junk food. These two products have various consequences when they are taken. Junk food leads to obesity that makes people to have week bodies despite of them being fat. The alcohol makes people to become drunkards and may cause various diseases that might claim the lives of the consumers. Such kind of adverts on the products that cause negative effects to the people should be discouraged because they make our economy to grow in a slow pace when the consumers get affected by these products.
On the ethical aspect, Professor John Cohen criticizes advertisements by arguing that `advertisements only tell half the truth’. They are believed to only present a little truth about the products that are advertised. The advertisers lure their consumers through providing sugary information about the products which at times is not the truth. They only do this so that they can attract more of their producers. In doing this they are able to attract a lot of consumers who buy their products so that they can enjoy the good things that have been advertised in these various products. It is of great importance that the advertisers give adequate and more information about the products. This information should be factual and honest. Therefore, through the advertisers giving information which is not factual and honest about their products is an issue which does not support the good morals of any society. This is the major thing that contributes to advertisements to be perceived in a negative way by various consumers and the society as a whole. It is of great importance for the advertisements to be representing genuine information about the various products that the consumers might get interested in.
On the economic aspect, advertisements are supposed to represent the major issues in the society that aim at raising the economy. According to Christopher Mayhew, Williams and John Kenneth who is an economist believe that institutions such as schools and hospitals are the ones that are supposed to be captured greatly in the advertisements. In most of the advertisements various things are highlighted which do not focus on the crucial things that would help the general society. Things such as hospitals and schools are the ones that should be greatly focused on. They are the ones that are needed greatly by all the people in a given set up. Despite of doing this, the advertisers focus their attention on the industrial outputs and on the things that detract humankind from its nonindustrial aspirations. In order to steer any economy ahead the schools and the hospitals are the ones which should be given the number one priority. The schools provide education to the people who are given the mandatory to draw economic models that enable our economies to grow. On the other hand the hospitals provide good treatments to the health of the people who help in building thee society.
In order to understand that the most of the advertisements have negative contribution to the consumers and the society one is required to take an example that contains all the parts that are used in composing a good advert. For instance ‘sprite helps one to obey his or her thirst’. This advert is used worldwide to market this Coca-cola product by showing that people who take Sprite are the only ones who obey their thirst. In the real life one can obey his/her thirst through taking plain water which is believed to be affordable to everyone. This is one of the adverts that show how advertisers use sugary language so that they can convince their consumers.
According to the negative influences stated above, I believe that the advertisers should at least provide the factual information about the products they advertise. This will enable the consumers to purchase genuine goods that will provide them with the item they intend to get from these products. In turn this will help in building the trust between the producer and consumer.
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Advertising is how a companyencourages people to buy their products, services or ideas. An advertisement (or "ad" for short) is anything that draws good attention towards these things. It is usually designed by an advertising agency for an identified sponsor, and performed through a variety of media. Ads appear on television, as well as radio, newspapers, magazines and as billboards in streets and cities. They try to get people to buy their products, by showing them the good rather than bad of their products.
Advertisers influence our emotions by techniques that include stereotyping and targeting the audience according to who we are. Emotions are influenced by things such as this our occupation, beliefs, personality, self esteem, lifestyle, relationships, friends, how we look and what we wear. Advertisers use methods that attract attention.
For example, to make a burger look tasty in advertising, it may be painted with brown food colours, sprayed with waterproofing to prevent it from going soggy and sesame seeds may be super-glued in place. Advertising can bring new customers and more sales for the business. It can be expensive but can help make a business make more money.
History[change | change source]
Commercial messages and political campaign displays have been found in the ruins of Pompeii and ancient Arabia. Lost and found advertising on papyrus was common in Ancient Greece and Rome. Wall or rock painting for commercial advertising is present to this day in many parts of Asia, Africa, and South America. The tradition of wall painting can be traced back to Indian rock art paintings that date back to 4000 BC.
Londoner Thomas J. Barratt (1841–1914) has been called "the father of modern advertising". He worked for the Pears Soap company, eventually becoming its Chairman. Barratt created an advertising campaign for the company products. It used targeted slogans, images and phrases. One of his slogans, "Good morning. Have you used Pears' soap?" was famous in its day and into the 20th century.
Barratt introduced many of the crucial ideas that lie behind successful advertising and these were widely circulated in his day. He constantly stressed the importance of a strong and exclusive brand image for Pears and of emphasizing the product's availability through saturation campaigns. He also understood the importance of constantly reevaluating the market for changing tastes and mores, stating in 1907 that "tastes change, fashions change, and the advertiser has to change with them. An idea that was effective a generation ago would fall flat, stale, and unprofitable if presented to the public today. Not that the idea of today is always better than the older idea, but it is different – it hits the present taste."
As the economy expanded across the world during the 19th century, advertising grew alongside. In the United States, the success of this advertising format eventually led to the growth of mail-order advertising. Very important was the growth of mass media, with mass circulation illustrated newspapers in the later 19th century followed by movies, radio and television.
Types of advertising[change | change source]
Advertising happens in many different ways. Many products are advertised on television, although not all channels permit advertising. The advertisements usually appear during breaks between a television show. They are usually for products, other television shows or movies and are not normally much longer than 30 seconds. Some radio stations have audio advertisements that play between programmes.
An advertisement for a movie is called a trailer. It shows a short collection of clips from the movie, and shows the date it will be released in cinemas.
Advertising also takes place on websites. These may appear as "banner ads" or "popups". They are often still images or flashanimations. The owner of the website will get money when a user clicks on the advertisement. Sometimes they will get a percentage of the money if they buy a product.
Billboards advertise products on highways and city streets. These may simply be freestanding billboards or may be part of street furniture such as a bus shelter. Buses and taxis are often covered in adverts, while budget airlines sometimes allow advertising inside their planes. Adverts also appear in newspapers, magazines and sports programmes. Many stadiums have adverts set around them. Sports teams, tournaments, television programmes and public events may have a sponsor who is the main or sometimes only advertiser.
Techniques[change | change source]
Advertisers use many different techniques to get people to notice their adverts, often using deliberately shocking or provocative images.Once they have managed to make people notice their advert, they need to 'sell' the product or brand. They may try to make the product look appealing, however often advertisers use humor in such a way that get people to remember the brand without actually promoting the product. Poor adverts can damage sales or spoil a brand's identity.
Regulations[change | change source]
Advertising is often strictly regulated, for instance in the United Kingdom it is illegal to advertise tobacco, except in the shop where it is sold and this is also restricted. In France it is illegal to advertise alcohol, meaning that when many European football teams play in France, they cannot play in their usual shirts as breweries often advertise on sports shirts. It is also illegal to advertise on some television channels, the BBC in the United Kingdom and RTE in the Republic of Ireland are not allowed to permit advertising and instead make their revenue from selling a compulsory television licence.
References[change | change source]
- ↑Bhatia (2000). Advertising in Rural India: Language, Marketing Communication, and Consumerism, 62+68
- ↑He was first described as such in T.F.G. Coates September 1908. Mr Thomas J Barratt, "The father of modern advertising". Modern Business, pp. 107–15.
- ↑ 3.03.1Matt Haig 2005. Brand failures: the truth about the 100 biggest branding mistakes of all time. Kogan Page. pp. 219, 266.
- ↑Nicholas Mirzoeff 2002. The visual culture reader, Routledge, p. 510.
- ↑"Obituary, Thomas J. Barratt dead: Chairman of the firm of A. & F. Pears: an advertising genius". New York Times. New York Times. 1914-04-27. p. 11. Retrieved 2014-04-06.
- ↑Eric Partridge, Paul Beale 1986. A dictionary of catch phrases: British and American, from the sixteenth century to the present day, Routledge, p.164.